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Archeological & Historica ...

 
 
 
 
Gates & Walls of the Old City
 

The magnificent walls of Jerusalem’s Old City constitute a living example of Arab Islamic architecture. The walls surrounding the Old City were built during the Ottoman period under direct supervision of Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent in 1542 AD. The walls stretch for twelve miles over an area of two square miles and rise to a height of 40 feet. They contain forty-three surveillance towers and eleven gates, seven of which are presently open.

 

 
Damascus Gate (Bab al-Amud)  

Damascus Gate (Bab al-Amud)

 

This is the largest, most elaborate and most heavily defended of the Old City’s eight gates. It is also the only one to have been excavated. Through Damascus Gate one passes directly into the hustle and bustle of Souq Khan As-Zeit and Al Wad Road in the Muslim Quarter.

 
Golden Gate (Bab al-Rahma)  

Golden Gate (Bab al-Rahma)

 

This one of four gates that remain closed today. Jewish faith believes that the Messiah will enter through it, whilst Muslim believe that the Just will pass through it on the Day of Judgment and Christ is meant to have entered into Jerusalem via this gate.

 
Zion Gate (Bab Al Nabi-Daoud)  

Zion Gate (Bab Al Nabi-Daoud)

 

Built in the mid 16th century under Suleiman the Magnificent and leads into the Armenian Quarter of the Old City. It was sealed under the Jordanian Authorities and Israeli soldiers entered through it during the 1967 war. The gate still bear the scars of the bullets and explosions used by Osraeli forces to breach the gate.

 
Herod’s Gate (Bab al-Zahra)  

Herod’s Gate (Bab al-Zahra)

 

Built by the Fatimids and then renovated by the Mamluks and again by Suleiman the Magnificent, this gate leads to the Muslim Quarter near the Pools of Bethesda.

 
Dung Gate (Bab al-Magharbeh)  

Dung Gate (Bab al-Magharbeh)

 

This is the only city gate that leads to the Jewish Quarter as well as the Haram al-Sharif. On the right, just inside the gate, the Ophel Archaeological Gardens capture the whole of Jerusalem’s turbulent history.

 
Lions Gate (St. Stephen’s Gate - Bab Sitna Mariam)  

Lions Gate (St. Stephen’s Gate - Bab Sitna Mariam)

 

This marks the beginning of the Via Dolorosa and it is on the eastern side of the Old City.

 
New Gate (Bab al-Jadid)  

New Gate (Bab al-Jadid)

 

Bad al-Jadid lies at the northwest corner of the Old City. It was constructed to create access between the Christian Quarter within the city walls and the new Christian properties outside the walls. It is the newest gate and was added by the Ottoman Sultan Abdul Hamid in 1887.

 
Jaffa Gate (Bab al-Khalil)  

Jaffa Gate (Bab al-Khalil)

 

Jaffa Gate is the main western entrance to the Old City. Bab al- Khalil is now geared mostly for tourists, as you will see by all of the souvenir shops around it. On the right just inside the gate is one of the city’s best known sites, the Citadel or Tower of David. Built by Herod, around 40 AD and later renovated by Suleiman the Magnificent in 1538, it is the second largest gate in the Old city.

 

 

 
 
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